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Biometrics
Overview
 
   
 
Overview
 
 
Definition of biometric: "Bio" means body and metrics means measurement. Hence biometric means body measurement or body identification by some means like face, fingerprint, ear, iris, retina, DNA, footprint, palm vein, palm print etc.

with the help of modern technology, we have been able to identify a person with almost 100% accuracy. Most common biometric means are biometric fingerprint verification, biometric face verification, biometric palm vein verification, biometric iris verification.

Biometric screening technologies have been acknowledged by all Government and other government agencies for human verification

You can find biometric standards of central government of India. - http://egovstandards.gov.in

There are several techniques that can be applied for verifying and confirming a user’s identity. They can be broadly classified as below:

  • Something the user knows, such as a password or PIN
  • Something the user has, such as a smart card or ATM card
  • Something that’s part of the user, such as a fingerprint or iris. The strongest authentication involves a combination of all three

The technology used for identification of a user based on a physical characteristic, such as a fingerprint, iris, face, voice or handwriting is called Biometrics.

Advancements in technology has made possible to build rugged and reliable Biometric authentication systems, and the costs of biometrics authentication systems have been dropping as reliability is improving.

The key steps involved in a biometric authentication system are:

  • Image capture – Using scanning devices available in the market
  • Image recognition - Using standard algorithms
  • Template creation - Using standard algorithms
  • Matching – Using application and standard algorithms
company is providing four kinds of biometrics solutions
  1. Biometric Fingerprint recognition
  2. Biometric IRIS identification
  3. Biometric Face verification
  4. Biometric Palm authentication
Other biometric options where research is going on are company is having highly successful track record of installations of Biometrics monitoring devices across India. Matching quality of fingerprint, iris, face and palm is of superior quality than other biometrics companies. comparison between biometrics quality beween mantra and other companies is clear and explicit. Biometrics are widely used for checking purpose of human unique identity.

Biometrics growth and advantages
The biometrics is experiencing fast development across the world because of two main reasons.
1> Evolutions and rapid expansion of Information technology and web which claims for secure access control and secure data transfer.
2> Terrorism has put a lot of threat to Governments, which has raised the demand for accurate identification of individuals.

Consequently, new biometrics detectors are explored and more and more impeccable biometrics systems are being invented. This situation demands for in-depth biometric research. There are many conferences held frequently, which bring together the biometrics researcher at one place. Companies and researcher come forward to share their knowledge about biometrics trend. Such exhibition showcases the latest biometrics products.

Following kinds of research takes place in biometrics

Basic biometrics research
Physiological biometrics
Behavioral biometrics
Biometrics image processing or template processing
Latest biometrics technologies like biometrics palm reading, face reading, IRIS, Retina, ear and finally DNA etc.
Biometrics systems and analysis
Multimodal biometrics systems
Biometrics encryption systems
Biometric authentication in networking
Biometric recognition and identification system
Survey of biometric recognition methods
Ethics and usage
Ethical challenges
Deployment of biometric systems for usage in Health care industry, law enforcement, financial sector, security
Database creation and management, theoretical limitations, future and issues of biometrics.

    Applications of Biometric
  1. Physical access control
  2. Justice judiciary law enforcement
  3. Logical access control
  4. Time and attendance
  5. Healthcare biometrics
  6. Border control/Airport biometrics
  7. Financial and transactional.
  8. Biometric integrators/Resellers
  9. Mobile biometric
  10. Lock system
  11. Home automation biometric